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ANESTHESIOLOGY 2011 Opening Session
One of the World’s Top Leaders in Patient Safety, Dr. Atul Gawande presents, Target - Reducing Inpatient Surgical Mortality to Less than 1% Globally at the Opening Session for ANESTHESIOLOGY 2011.
A Harvard surgeon, New York Times best-selling author and one of TIME Magazine’s 100 most influential people in the world, Dr. Gawande is a universally recognized leader in patient safety. His tireless advocacy for patient-focused improvements in health care delivery is a tremendous complement to anesthesiologists’ work as the leaders in patient safety.
Emery A. Rovenstine Memorial Lecture - Leading Into the Future
The ANESTHESIOLOGY 2011 Emery A. Rovenstine Memorial Lecture speaker: Patricia A. Kapur, M.D., Professor and Chair from the University of California, Los Angeles.
Dr. Kapur’s professional interests have spanned cardiac anesthesiology, ambulatory anesthesiology and operating room management. She has been the department chair at UCLA since 1996, served as director of perioperative services for the UCLA Health System from 1997-2009, and has been broadly engaged for over a decade in the leadership of the UCLA Faculty Practice Group, most recently serving as cointerim president from 2009-11. Dr. Kapur has been extensively involved at the leadership level for anesthesiology professional organizations. For the ASA, she has served as chair of the Section on Education and Research under nine successive ASA presidents, chair of the Section on Annual Meeting, and chair/member of numerous ASA committees and task forces.
Dr. Kapur has served as the president of the American Board of Anesthesiology, chair of the Board of Directors of the Foundation for Anesthesia Education and Research, chair of the Board of Trustees of the International Anesthesia Research Society, an officer of the California Society of Anesthesiologists, a member of the Board of Directors of SAMBA, and a section editor and editorial board member for Anesthesia & Analgesia. She currently is a member of the Executive Committee of the Board of Directors of the Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation, on the Council for the Association of University Anesthesiologists, and is a council member for both the Society of Academic Anesthesiology Associations and the Association of Academic Anesthesiology Chairs.
John W. Severinghaus Lecture - Sleep, Anesthesia and Consciousness
By Giulio Tononi, M.D., Ph.D.
Dr. Tononi is a psychiatrist and neuroscientist who has held faculty positions in Pisa, New York, San Diego and Madison, Wisconsin, where he is professor of psychiatry. Dr. Tononi and collaborators have pioneered several complementary approaches to study sleep. These include genomics, proteomics, fruit fly models, rodent models employing multiunit/local field potential recordings in behaving animals, in vivo voltammetry and microscopy, high-density EEG recordings and transcranial magnetic stimulation in humans and large-scale computer models of sleep and wakefulness.
This research has led to a comprehensive hypothesis on the function of sleep, the synaptic homeostasis hypothesis. According to the hypothesis, wakefulness leads to a net increase in synaptic strength, and sleep is necessary to reestablish synaptic homeostasis. The hypothesis has implications for understanding the effects of sleep deprivation and for developing novel diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to sleep disorders and neuropsychiatric disorders.
Another focus of Dr. Tononi’s work is the integrated information theory of consciousness: a scientific theory of what consciousness is, how it can be measured, how it is realized in the brain and, of course, why it fades when we fall into dreamless sleep and returns when we dream. The theory is being tested with neuroimaging, transcranial magnetic stimulation, and computer models. In 2005, Dr. Tononi received the National Institutes of Health Director’s Pioneer Award for his work on sleep mechanism and function, and in 2008 he was made the David P. White Chair in Sleep Medicine, and is a Distinguished Chair in Consciousness Science.